Global Nutrition Report 2015 released

Recently the Global Nutrition Report 2015 was released. Simultaneously, the India Health Report on Nutrition 2015 was also released.

Key Messages:

The Global Scenario

The multiple forms of malnutrition have common causes:

  • poor-quality diets,
  • weak care for mother and child,
  • insufficient access to health services, and
  • unsanitary, unhealthy environments.

The scale of malnutrition is enormous:

  • 2 billion people experience micronutrient malnutrition (1 in 3 people);
  • 1.9 billion adults are overweight or obese;
  • 161 million children under age 5 are too short for their age (stunted)
  • 51 million don’t weigh enough for their height (wasted)
  • 42 million are overweight—none of these children are growing healthily; •
  • 794 million people are estimated to be calorie deficient; and
  • 1 in 12 adults worldwide have Type 2 diabetes

There are large data gaps with respect to nutrition.

Even in countries with data, the proportion of people receiving needed interventions is highly variable. The percentage of people in each country who need an intervention and receive it (median for countries with data) as regards selected nutrition interventions is given below:

  • children 0-59 months with diarrhoea who receive zinc treatment: 1% (n=27)
  • children 6-23 months who receive a minimum acceptable diet: 13% (n=39)
  • children 6-23 months who receive minimum dietary diversity:29%(n=41)
  • proportion of pregnant women who receive Iron+folate supplementation for 90+ days:29%(n=28)
  • infants 0-5 months who were exclusively breastfed:35%(n=84)
  • proportion of children who were put to the breast within one hour of birth:50%
  • households consuming adequately iodised salt:57%(n=40)

The picture in India

  • children 0-59 months who are stunted (too short for age): 38.7%
  • children 0-59 months who are wasted (weigh too little for age): 15.1%
  • infants 0-5 months who are exclusively breastfed:64.9%
  • children 6-23 months who receive minimum diet diversity:19.9%
  • children 12-23 months who are fully immunized:65.3%
  • adolescent girls 15-18 years with low BMI (<18.5):44.7%
  • women aged 20-24 years who were married before age 18 years:30.3%
  • currently married women with 10 or more years of schooling:21.4%
  • women 15-49 years old with anaemia:55.3%
  • households practicing open defecation:45.5%

Useful Links:

Link to the Global Nutrition Report 2015 [English](PDF):
http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getfile/collection/p15738coll2/id/129443/filename/129654.pdf

Link to web page containing the Global Nutrition Report 2015 in other formats and languages:
http://globalnutritionreport.org/the-report/

Link to the Synopsis of the Global Nutrition Report 2015 (PDF):
http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getfile/collection/p15738coll2/id/129475/filename/129686.pdf

Link to the 2015 Nutrition Country profile for India (PDF):
http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getfile/collection/p15738coll2/id/129813/filename/130024.pdf

Link to the Synopsis of India Health Report on Nutrition 2015 (PDF):
http://www.transformnutrition.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2015/12/synopsis_web.pdf

Link to the India Health Report on Nutrition 2015 (PDF):
http://www.transformnutrition.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2015/12/INDIA-HEALTH-REPORT-NUTRITION_2015_for-Web.pdf

Link to Fast Facts on nutrition in India and its determinants (PDF):
http://www.transformnutrition.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2015/12/India-Fast-Facts.pdf

Link to page containing other content related to the India Health Report on Nutrition 2015:
http://www.transformnutrition.org/india-health-report-on-nutrition-2015/

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